Gujarat Journal of Extension Education (ISSN 2322-0678)


Authors: P. S. Kapadiya, P. N. Chaudhari and V. S. Parmar

Publisher: Society of Extension Education Gujarat

Keywords: feeding, breeding, milking, healthcare, breeding, knowledge

Volume: 33

Issue: 1

Year: June 2022


Abstract: The present study was conducted in Amreli district of Gujarat to ascertain the knowledge level of different scientific dairy management practices by livestock owners. Total 300 livestock owners selected randomly from five different talukas of the district were interviewed to get the various data regarding dairy husbandry practices. Among the different aspects of feeding, housing and milking management practices, livestock owner had quite high knowledge in supply of green fodder (100 per cent), dry fodder (98.67 per cent), practice of stall feeding (96.33 per cent), well ventilation in animal house (97.33 per cent), levelled floor (95.67 per cent), separate feed and fodder storage room for concentrate/roughage (95. 33 per cent), cleaning of milk utensil with detergent washing and sun drying (98.33 per cent), kind behaviour and practice of grooming with milking animal (97.33 per cent) whereas, low level of knowledge found in feeding mineral mixture (40.33 per cent), feeding salt (34.33 per cent), east-west long axis of house (9.67 per cent), cleaning and dipping of udder and teats just after milking (39.67 per cent), before milking with antiseptic (38.33 per cent), full hand milking (38.00 per cent). As regards to heathcare and breeding management, livestock owners had high level of knowledge in practices to control ecto-parasites (83.33 per cent), vaccination of animal (73.00 per cent), symptoms to detect sexual-heat (97.33 per cent), use of proven bull for natural service (83.00 per cent), pregnancy diagnosis by veterinary doctor (82.00 per cent) and waiting for placental expulsion up to 12 hours (81.33 per cent). Further, the livestock owners had low level of knowledge in grooming of animals (58.67 per cent), treatment of sick animal by veterinary doctor (44.00 per cent), emphasis given to male for improvement of breed/productivity (51.00 per cent) and initiation of breeding of heifers on the basis of body weight/size (40.67 per cent).

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